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Feeling Unwell? Self Help to know

Self Care Aware

We are keen to help patients self care for common ailments and hope that the following information will offer some useful advice.

Common ailments that can be self managed :

Back pain

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Cold sores

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Common Cold

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Conjunctivitis

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pdfInformation Leaflet

Constipation

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Cough

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Diarrhoea

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Dysmenorrhoea (painful periods)

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Earache

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Haemorrhoids

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Hayfever

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Head lice

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Headache

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Heartburn & Indigestion

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Influenza

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pdf Information Leaflet

Insect bites

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Migraine

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Nasal congestion

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Nappy rash

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Sore throat

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pdf Information Leaflet

Sinusitis

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Sprains and strains

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Thrush

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Warts and Verrucas

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Vomiting Illness advice

Gastroenteritis is a common condition. The two main symptoms of gastroenteritis are diarrhoea and vomiting.

As gastroenteritis is highly infectious, it is important to take steps to prevent it spreading to other people. These include:

  • washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water or an antibacterial hand wash after going to the toilet and before eating or preparing food
  • cleaning the toilet, including the handle and the seat, with disinfectant after each bout of vomiting or diarrhoea.
  • not sharing towels, cutlery or utensils with other members of your household
  • Do not go to work, school or visit hospitals or other health care providers until you have been symptom free for 48 hours

There is usually no need to contact your GP if you have gastroenteritis. In most cases it goes away without treatment but it is important to make sure you drink plenty of fluids to reduce your risk of dehydration. If you need general advice please call 111. 

However, you should arrange a telephone call with a GP if you:  

  • have been vomiting for longer than three days or have diarrhoea for more than a week
  • show signs of dehydration
  • have blood in your stools
  • have recently been abroad
  • have a weakened immune system caused by an underlying health condition or as a side effect of a medical treatment.

Prepare a medicine cabinet

Keeping a well stocked medicine cabinet at home can help you treat many minor ailments. Colds, coughs, indigestion and many other minor complaints can all be treated with medicines that are available over the counter.

Your pharmacist can advise on what you might find useful to keep in your medicine cabinet. Always follow the instructions on the medicine label and consult your doctor if the illness continues or becomes more severe.

Here is a list of useful medicines and dressings with a description of their uses. All are quite cheap and worth stocking at home in readiness for minor illnesses.

Keep them in a box or cupboard with a lock - or store them well out of the reach of children.

Soluble Aspirin Tablets

Good for headaches, colds, sore throats (gargle with the solution), and pains in general. Aspirin should NOT be given to children under 16.

Paracetamol Mixture

For relief of pain or fever in young children.

Sedative Cough Linctus

For dry or painful coughs - but not coughs caused by common colds.

Menthol Crystals

Add to hot water to make steam inhalations for treating catarrh and dry or painful coughs.

Vapour Rub

Again, for steam inhalations. Also useful for children with stuffy noses or dry coughs. Rub on the chest and nose.

Ephedrine Nose Drops

For runny noses in children over one year old. Use before meals and at night but not for more than four days.

Antiseptic Solution

One teaspoon diluted in warm water for cleaning cuts and grazes.

Antiseptic Cream

For treating septic spots, sores in the nose amd grazes.

Calamine Lotion

For dabbing (not rubbing) on insect bites, stings and sunburn.

Dressing Strips

For minor cuts.

3" Wide Crepe Bandage

To keep dressings in place. To support sprained or bruised joints.

Cotton Wool

For cleaning cuts and grazes.

Thermometer

For fevers.

Tweezers

For removing splinters.

Remember that your local chemist can give you advice about medicines.



 
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